Honors Biology

Honors Biology

Course Features

Course Details

Course Overview

Acellus Honors Biology provides an in-depth introduction to biology, the study of life. A major focus of this course is the cell – its structure and function, cell transport and cellular energy, and how cells divide. Students will explore genetics and learn about DNA. Units on ecology and evolution are also included. Additional lessons have been included in this course to provide students with the more in-depth understanding that they will require for AP Biology. Acellus Honors Biology is taught by Levi Goes.

Course Objectives & Student Learning Outcomes

Upon the completion of this course students will have demonstrated a mastery of core ecological principles including interdependence, the biosphere, ecological pyramids, and the criticality of the elemental cycles of an ecosystem, as well as interspecies relationships, population growth, and ecological succession. Students will also comprehend the integral components of carbon compounds, cell structure and function, cell transport, cellular energy, and cell division while learning the importance of these elements working together to sustain each individual organism and thus life on Earth. Finally, by the completion of this course, students will have been introduced to, and attained a firm understanding, of the science of genetics, the contributions of Gregor Mendel and his impact on the subsequent field of genetic engineering, as well as DNA structure, RNA, transcription, genetic code, gene regulation, and the theory of evolution, selection, divergence, and coevolution.  
This course was developed by the International Academy of Science. Learn More

Scope and Sequence

Unit 1 – Ecology This unit discusses ecology and interdependence, the organization of the biosphere, producers, consumers, decomposition, the capturing of energy, the food web and food chain, ecological pyramids, the water, carbon, and nitrogen cycles, energy versus nutrients, primary productivity, and symbiotic relationships. Also covered are competition, mutualism and commensalism, predation, camouflage and mimicry, parasitism, significant species, population growth, carrying capacity, limits on population growth, and ecological succession. Unit 2 – Carbon Compounds This unit discusses carbon, monomers and polymers, carbohydrates, variation of polysaccharides, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins, enzymes, and chemical reactions. Unit 3 – Cell Structure and Function This unit discusses cell organelles, the nucleus, mitochondria, ribosomes, cell theory, eukaryotes versus prokaryotes golgi apparatus – endoplasmic reticulum, vacuoles and lysosome, chloroplast, and endosymbiosis. Unit 4 – Cell Transport This unit discusses cell membranes, cell walls, strength of solutions, osmosis, diffusion, active versus passive transport, endo and exocytosis, and facilitated diffusion. Unit 5 – Cellular Energy This unit discusses how photosynthesis was discovered, the equation for photosynthesis and rates of photosynthesis. Also discussed are the equation for cellular respiration, ATP and ADP, chlorophyll, pigments, stages of cellular respiration, fermentation, and photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Unit 6 – Cell Division This unit covers mitosis, why cells divide, cancer, meiosis and crossing over, haploid and diploid, mitosis and meiosis, asexual and sexual reproduction, the cell cycle, and cytokinesis. Unit 7 – Genetics This unit discusses the contributions of Gregor Mendel to the science of genetics. Also covered are characters and traits, genotypes and phenotypes, genes and alleles, homozygous and heterozygus, fertilization, probability, Mendel's F1 cross, the law of segregation, Mendel's F2 Generation, incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple alleles, and polygenic versus single gene traits. In addition, this unit considers sex and autosomal chromosomes and karyotypes, genetic engineering, sex-linked genes, and genetic disorders. Unit 8 – DNA This unit discusses the history, shape, and structure of DNA, as well as nucleosomes, replication, transcription, RNA, genetic code, translation, mutations, and gene regulation. Unit 9 – Evolution This unit discusses the work of Charles Darwin, the galapagos, inherited variation and artificial selection, the evidence of evolution, natural selection, vestigial structures, allele frequencies, changes in the population, and coevolution.

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